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Paul Garber

Associate Director

Paul Garber

  1. Department of Anthropology and Program in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana 61874, Illinois  USA

  2. International Centre of Biodiversity and Primate Conservation, Dali University, Dali 671003, Yunnan,  China

Current affiliations

Dr. Paul A. Garber is an Emeritus Professor in the Department of Anthropology and the Program in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Biology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA. Dr. Garber is the President of the American Society of Primatologists (, the former Executive Editor of the American Journal of Primatology (2008-2017), was named the 2017 American Society of Primatologists Distinguished Primatologist, and is the 2024 recipient of the Changlong Award for International Scholars, Zoological Society of China, in recognition of outstanding contributions to promoting primate research and young researcher training in China. Dr. Garber has conducted primate field research in 8 countries throughout Central and South America, as well as China, and has published over 300 journal articles and book chapters (including 12 edited books) on the behavior, ecology, cognition, and conservation of nonhuman primates. This includes several recent papers on the impending extinction crisis faced by the world’s primates. In addition, Dr. Garber is the co-organizer of two recent workshops on scientific activism and environmental justice. Since 2009, he has co-authored 89 scientific research articles based on collaborative research with Chinese primatologists.

Recent publications
  • Garber PA, Estrada A, Shanee S, et al. (2024) Global wildlife trade and trafficking contribute to the world's nonhuman

    primate conservation crisis. Frontiers in Conservation Science 5. doi: 10.3389/fcosc.2024.1400613

  • Zhao XM, Garber PA, and Li M (2024) Climate and anthropogenic activities threaten two langur species irrespective of their range size. Diversity and Distributions e13841. doi: 10.1111/ddi.13841

  • Garber PA, Dolins FL, and Lappan S (2024) Scientific Activism to Protect the World’s Primates and their Environments from Extinction: Introduction to the Special Issue. American Journal of Primatology 86(3). doi: 10.1002/ajp.23601

  • Ma HG, Wang ZD, Han P, Fan PL, Chapman CA, Garber PA, and Fan PF (2024) Small apes adjust rhythms to facilitate song coordination. Current Biology 34(5): 935–945. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2023.12.071

  • Li WB, Teng W, Zhang MY, et al. (2023) Human activity and climate change accelerate the extinction risk to non-human primates in China. Global Change Biology 30(1). doi: 10.1111/gcb.17114

  • Qi XG, Wu JW, Zhao L, et al. (2023) Adaptations to a cold climate promoted social evolution in Asian colobine primates. Science 380(6648): eabl8621. doi: 0.1126/science.abl8621

  • Garber PA, Estrada A, Klain V, and Bicca-Marques JC (2023) An urgent call-to-action to protect the nonhuman primates and Indigenous Peoples of the Brazilian Amazon. American Journal of Primatology 86(3). doi: 10.1002/ajp.23523

  • Zhou XM, Garber PA, Ye XL, and Ming Li (2023) The impact of climate and human activities over the past 2020 years has increased the spatial-temporal extinction rate of gibbons. Biological Conservation 281: 109998. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2023.109998

  • He QQ, Yan SS, Garber PA, Ren BP, Qi XM, and Zhou J (2023) Habitat restoration is the greatest challenge for population recovery of Hainan gibbons (Nomascus hainanus). Integrative Zoology 18(4): 630-646. doi: 10.1111/1749-4877.12684

  • Estrada A, Garber PA, Rylands AB, et al. (2017) Impending extinction crisis of the world´s primates: why primates matter. Science Advances 3(1). doi: 10.1126/sciadv., e1600946

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